OSA's Digital Library

Journal of Lightwave Technology

Journal of Lightwave Technology

| A JOINT IEEE/OSA PUBLICATION

  • Vol. 26, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2008
  • pp: 2175–2183

Four-Wave Mixing Crosstalk Measurement in a Highly Doped L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier by Using Half of the Signal Channels

Hirotaka Ono and Makoto Yamada

Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 26, Issue 14, pp. 2175-2183 (2008)


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (317 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations
  • Export Citation/Save Click for help

Abstract

We propose a four-wave mixing (FWM) crosstalk measurement method for a signal with 50 GHz spaced wavelength channels in a highly doped L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA). The method uses the crosstalk measured by using a signal with 100 GHz spaced wavelength channels. This approach is based on analyses of the channel spacing dependence of FWM signal generation and the effect of the gain evolution of each signal channel along the EDF during FWM signal generation at a specific frequency. It is shown that reducing the channel spacing from 100 to 50 GHz has little impact on the efficiency of FWM generation if the gain evolution is the dominant term in FWM generation. It is also shown that the contributing ratio of the gain evolution of each channel is almost the same for the two signals. These results enable us to develop a measurement method for estimating the FWM crosstalk in an L-band EDFA applied to a wavelength-division multiplexing system with a 50 GHz spaced signal by using a 100 GHz spaced signal and a compensation factor. The validity of the measurement method is successfully demonstrated experimentally.

© 2008 IEEE

Citation
Hirotaka Ono and Makoto Yamada, "Four-Wave Mixing Crosstalk Measurement in a Highly Doped L-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier by Using Half of the Signal Channels," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2175-2183 (2008)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/jlt/abstract.cfm?URI=jlt-26-14-2175


Sort:  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. H. Ooi, K. Nakamura, Y. Akiyama, T. Takahara, T. Terahara, Y. Kawahata, H. Isono, G. Ishikawa, "40-Gb/s WDM transmission with virtually imaged phased array (VIPA) variable dispersion compensators," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2196-2203 (2002).
  2. A. Sano, H. Masuda, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, T. Yamada, T. Furuta, H. Fukuyama, "$\times$ 86 Gb/s CSRZ-DQPSK transmission over 375 km using extended L-band erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Proc. ECOC2006 (2006).
  3. S. Radic, G. Pendock, A. Srivastava, P. Wysocki, A. Chraplyvy, "Signal impairment due to four-wave mixing in L-band EDFAs," Proc. ECOC99 (1999).
  4. K. Song, M. Premaratne, "Effects of SPM, XPM and four-wave-mixing in L-band EDFAs on fiber-optic signal transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1630-1632 (2000).
  5. M. Vasilyev, S. Tsuda, S. Burtsev, Y. Lui, G. G. Luther, R. S. Mozdy, "Four-wave mixing in L-band EDFAs: Channel count dependence," Proc. ECOC2000 (2000) pp. 185-187.
  6. S. Radic, G. Pendock, A. Srivastava, P. Wysocki, A. Chraplyvy, "Four-wave mixing in optical links using quasi-distributed optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 636-645 (2001).
  7. N. Shibata, R. P. Braun, R. G. Waarts, "Phase-mismatch dependence of efficiency of wave generation through four-wave mixing in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1205-1210 (1987).
  8. Y. Liu, S. Burtsev, S. Tsuda, S. P. Hegarty, R. S. Mozdy, M. Hempstead, G. G. Luther, R. G. Smart, "Four-wave mixing in EDFAs," Electron. Lett. 35, 2130-2131 (1999).
  9. H. J. Jeong, H. Kim, H.-W. Lee, B. Y. Kim, "Birefringence modulation in fiber-optic phase modulators," Opt. Lett. 19, 1421-1423 (1994).

Cited By

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited