Speckle fields of any complexity develop through loop/chain topological reactions. The sign paradox for singularities in vector speckle fields was installed and resolved.
© 2013 OSA
M. S. Soskin and V. Vasil’ev, "Topological regularities of scalar/vector singular dynamic speckle fields," in The Rochester Conferences on Coherence and Quantum Optics and the Quantum Information and Measurement meeting, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper M2A.1.
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