We experimentally demonstrate the first graphene-based waveguide-integrated broadband modulator. By tuning the Fermi level of graphene, we proved that over 1 giga-Hertz modulation speed can be realized from 1.35 to 1.6 μm in room temperature.
© 2011 OSA
M. Liu and X. Zhang, "A high-speed graphene-based broadband modulator," in Frontiers in Optics 2011/Laser Science XXVII, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper FWG1.
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