I compute from first principles the local heating rate for electromagnetic waves propagating in magnetically and electrically polarizable media. The result indicates that the second law of thermodynamics prohibits negative refraction.
© 2008 The Optical Society
(160.0160) Materials : Materials
(350.0350) Other areas of optics : Other areas of optics
(160.1245) Materials : Artificially engineered materials
(350.3618) Other areas of optics : Left-handed materials
V. A. Markel, "Heating Rate and Impossibility of Negative Refraction," in Frontiers in Optics 2008/Laser Science XXIV/Plasmonics and Metamaterials/Optical Fabrication and Testing, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper MMB5.
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