Erbium-doped ZnO thin films with nano-size grains were grown on silicon substrate by pulsed e-beam deposition. The luminescence provides evidence that the Er ions have been incorporated inside the crystalline ZnO grains in film.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
Z. Pan, S. H. Morgan, A. Ueda, R. Aga, A. Steigerwald, R. Mu, A. B. Hmelo, and L. Feldman, "Fabrication and Characterization of Er-Doped ZnO Films Grown by Pulsed E-Beam Deposition," in Frontiers in Optics 2007/Laser Science XXIII/Organic Materials and Devices for Displays and Energy Conversion, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JSuA35.
References are not available for this paper.