LN:Hf crystals using tetravalent ions have similar optical damage resistance as LN:Mg, but LN:Zr is much better. LN:Fe:Hf crystals have both a fast photorefractive response speed and high saturation diffraction efficiency.We discuss recent experiments.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
J. Xu, " Tetravalent Ions Doped Lithium Niobate Crystals," in Controlling Light with Light: Photorefractive Effects, Photosensitivity, Fiber Gratings, Photonic Materials and More, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper SuC1.
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