EIT-based atomic clocks built as active oscillating loops can be compact and low-power, if the loop is closed by current modulation of VCSEL. The clock performance is shown to critically depend on the VCSEL properties.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
(020.0020) Atomic and molecular physics : Atomic and molecular physics
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.4800) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical standards and testing
D. Strekalov, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, "Practical Aspects of the Active-Loop Chip-Scale Atomic Clock," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper QThG1.