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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 11, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1972
  • pp: 102–107

Airborne Optical Detection of Oil on Water

John P. Millard and John C. Arvesen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 11, Issue 1, pp. 102-107 (1972)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.11.000102


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Abstract

Airborne measurements were made over controlled oil-spill test sites to evaluate various techniques, utilizing reflected sunlight, for detecting oil on water. The results of these measurements show that (1) maximum contrast between oil and water is in the uv and red portions of the spectrum; (2) minimum contrast is in the blue-green; (3) differential polarization appears to be a very promising technique; (4) no characteristic absorption bands, which would permit one oil to be distinguished from another, were discovered in the spectral regions measured; (5) sky conditions greatly influence the contrast between oil and water; and (6) highest contrast was achieved under overcast sky conditions.

© 1972 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: May 21, 1971
Published: January 1, 1972

Citation
John P. Millard and John C. Arvesen, "Airborne Optical Detection of Oil on Water," Appl. Opt. 11, 102-107 (1972)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-11-1-102


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References

  1. R. O. Pilon, C. G. Purves, “Radar Detection and Monitoring of Oil Slicks,” NRL Letter Report 5270-20: ROP: CGP: bjg Ser. 2615 (30March1971).
  2. R. Horvath, W. Morgan, R. Spellicy, “Measurement Program for Oil-Slick Characteristics, Final Report,” Report 2766-7-F, Willow Run Laboratories of the Institute of Science and Technology, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor (February1970).
  3. Barringer Research Ltd., “The Feasibility of Detection and Classification of Fish Oil Slicks by Remote Sensing,” Final Report NASA Contract NASW-1642, Barringer Research Ltd., Ontario, Canada (February1968).
  4. K. Y. Kondratyev, Radiation in the Atmosphere, International Geophysics Series (Academic, New York, 1969), Vol. 12, pp. 367, 383. [CrossRef]
  5. S. Fritz, in Compendium of Meteorology, T. F. Malone, Ed. (American Meteorology Soc., Boston, 1951), pp. 13–33.
  6. R. J. List, Ed., Smithsonian Meteorological Tables (Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 1963), pp. 422, 439.
  7. K. L. Coulson, “Characteristics of the Radiation Emerging from the Top of a Rayleigh Atmosphere, I,” Planet. Space Sci. (Pergamon, London, 1959), Vol. 1, pp. 265–276. [CrossRef]

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