A number of authors have pointed out that a system of zone plates combined with a diffuse source, transparent input, lens, and focusing screen will display on the output screen the Fourier transform of the input. Strictly speaking, the transform normally displayed is the cosine transform, and the bipolar output is superimposed on a dc gray level to give a positive-only intensity variation. By phase-shifting one zone plate the sine transform is obtained. Temporal modulation is possible. It is also possible to redesign the system to accept a diffusely reflecting input at the cost of introducing a phase gradient in the output. Results are given of the sine and cosine transforms of a small circular aperture. As expected, the sine transform is a uniform gray. Both transforms show unwanted artifacts beyond 0.1 rad off-axis. An analysis shows this is due to unwanted circularly symmetrical moire patterns between the zone plates.
© 1979 Optical Society of America
G. L. Rogers, "Qualitative and semiquantitative Fourier transformation using a noncoherent system," Appl. Opt. 18, 3152-3155 (1979)