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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 22, Iss. 12 — Jun. 15, 1983
  • pp: 1929–1936

Integrated optical waveguiding structures made by silver ion-exchange in glass. 2: Directional coupler and bends

R. G. Walker and C. D. W. Wilkinson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 12, pp. 1929-1936 (1983)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.22.001929


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Abstract

It has been shown [ Appl. Opt. 22, 0000 ( 1983)] that good quality stripe dielectric waveguides can be made by silver ion-exchange in glass if the diffusion mask is of alumina, made by anodization of an aluminum thin film. In this paper we present results of an experimental investigation of directional couplers, waveguide bends, and guide attenuation in waveguides of this type. Directional coupler transfer lengths are found to be in good agreement with theoretical prediction; bends behave as expected according to an approximate theory, and attenuation is found to be low (2dB/cm for a guide width of 2 μm). The optimum radius for a 2-μm wide monomode guide is found to be ~500 μm.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: July 6, 1982
Published: June 15, 1983

Citation
R. G. Walker and C. D. W. Wilkinson, "Integrated optical waveguiding structures made by silver ion-exchange in glass. 2: Directional coupler and bends," Appl. Opt. 22, 1929-1936 (1983)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-22-12-1929


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References

  1. R. G. Walker, C. D. W. Wilkinson, J. A. H. Wilkinson, Appl. Opt. 22, 1923 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. Holland, The Properties of Glass Surfaces (Chapman & Hall, London, 1964).
  3. S. Wernick, R. Pinner, Surface Treatment of Aluminum (Robert Draper, Ltd., Teddington, U.K., 1972), Vol. 1.
  4. M. Heiblum, J. H. Harris, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 75 (1975). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Heiblum, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 463 (1976). [CrossRef]
  6. R. G. Walker, “The Design of Ring-Resonators for Integrated Optics Using Silver Ion-Exchanged Waveguides,” Ph.D. Thesis, U. Glasgow (1981).
  7. E. A. J. Marcatili, S. E. Miller, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2161 (1969).
  8. E. G. Newmann, H. D. Rudolf, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-23, 142 (1975). [CrossRef]
  9. W. A. Gambling, H. Matsumura, C. M. Ragdale, R.A. Sammut, IEE J. Microwave Opt. Acoust. 2, 134 (1978). [CrossRef]
  10. K. Petermann, Opt. Quantum Electron. 9, 167 (1977). [CrossRef]

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