The transmission performance of trapezoidal-index profile single-mode fibers that can operate with zero dispersion in the 1.5-µm region has been investigated. The exact numerical calculations of propagation characteristics for these lightguides established a variety of relationships in terms of the parameters of a trapezoidal-index profile. One of the profile parameters that defines the shape of a trapezoid is the aspect ratio S, which ranges between 0 and 1. It was found that as the aspect ratio decreases from 1.0 to 0.3 the optimum core radius of the fiber gradually increases. But when S is <0.3, it approaches a constant equal to the value of the triangular-index profile (S = 0).
© 1983 Optical Society of America
U. C. Paek, "Dispersionless single-mode fibers with trapezoidal-index profiles in the wavelength region near 1.5 µm," Appl. Opt. 22, 2363-2369 (1983)