A high efficiency spectrograph design for the EUV and soft x rays is presented. This grazing incidence system uses a plane surface reflection grating with rulings that are radial, like the spokes of a wheel. The grating is placed in a beam of light that is converging to a focus. The single reflection off the grating is in the conical diffraction mount ensuring maximum performance from the system. Aberrations and performance levels are discussed. The gratings can be manufactured with existing ruling engines. Sample applications to an x-ray monochromator and an EUV stellar spectrograph are discussed.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 11, 1983
Published: December 15, 1983
Webster C. Cash, "X-ray spectrographs using radial groove gratings," Appl. Opt. 22, 3971-3976 (1983)