For paraxial objects viewed at finite distances from the correction plane, retinal image size and retinal distortions due to astigmatism are obtained for spectacle- or contact-lens-corrected aphakic individuals with astigmatism. Our methods are based not on the analysis of schematic or reduced eyes but on clinical measurements (corneal, refractive, pachometer, and correction parameters) that correspond to the individual patient.
© 1983 Optical Society of America
Louis B. Godio and Michael P. Keating, "Retinal images and astigmatic distortions in the individual corrected aphakic eye," Appl. Opt. 22, 1221-1226 (1983)