OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 29, Iss. 23 — Aug. 10, 1990
  • pp: 3380–3386

Experiments on annealed binary phase only filters fabricated with electron beam lithography

Myung Soo Kim and Clark C. Guest  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 29, Issue 23, pp. 3380-3386 (1990)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.29.003380


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1194 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A binary phase only filter is encoded using a simulated annealing algorithm to distinguish two similar characters. Characters that cannot be distinguished with conventional filter encoding methods are clearly distinguished with the annealed binary phase only filter in a computer simulation. Two binary phase only filters have been fabricated by use of electron beam lithography and chemical etching. One is an annealed binary phase only filter, and the other is a binary phase only filter encoded with a conventional method. Optical pattern recognition experiments using the filters agree well with computer simulation results.

© 1990 Optical Society of America

History
Original Manuscript: March 5, 1990
Published: August 10, 1990

Citation
Myung Soo Kim and Clark C. Guest, "Experiments on annealed binary phase only filters fabricated with electron beam lithography," Appl. Opt. 29, 3380-3386 (1990)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-29-23-3380


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. B. VanderLugt, “Signal Detection by Complex Spatial Filtering,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-10, 139–145 (1964). [CrossRef]
  2. A. W. Lohmann, D. P. Paris, “Binary Fraunhofer Holograms, Generated by Computer,” Appl. Opt. 6, 1739–1748 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. H. Lee, “Sampled Fourier Transform Hologram Generated by Computer,” Appl. Opt. 9, 639–643 (1970). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. L. Horner, P. D. Gianino, “Phase-Only Matched Filtering,” Appl. Opt. 23, 812–816 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. A. Flavin, J. L. Horner, “Correlation Experiments with a Binary Phase-Only Filter Implemented on a Quartz Plate,” Opt. Eng. 28, 470–473 (1989). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Psaltis, E. G. Paek, S. S. Venkatesh, “Optical Image Correlation with a Binary Spatial Light Modulator,” Opt. Eng. 23, 698–704 (1984). [CrossRef]
  7. D. M. Cottrell, R. A. Lilly, J. A. Davis, T. Day, “Optical Correlator Performance of Binary Phase-Only Filters Using Fourier and Hartley Transforms,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3755–3761 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. W. Farn, J. W. Goodman, “Optimal Binary Phase-Only Matched Filters,” Appl. Opt. 27, 4431–4437 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Kirpatrick, C. D. Gelatt, M. P. Vecchi, “Optimization by Simulated Annealing,” Science 220, 671–679 (1983). [CrossRef]
  10. H. Haneishi, T. Masuda, N. Ohyama, T. Honda, “Three-Dimensional Blood Vessel Reconstruction by Simulated Annealing,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1095–1097 (1989). [CrossRef]
  11. M. S. Kim, M. R. Feldman, C. C. Guest, “Optimum Encoding of Binary Phase-Only Filters with a Simulated Annealing Algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 14, 545–547 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Szu, “Three Layers of Vector Outer Product Neural Networks for Optical Pattern Recognition,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 634, 312–330 (1986).
  13. M. S. Seldowitz, J. P. Allebach, D. W. Sweeney, “Synthesis of Digital Holograms by Direct Binary Search,” Appl. Opt. 26, 2788–2798 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Geman, D. Geman, “Stochastic Relaxation, Gibbs Distributions, and the Bayesian Restoration of Images,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. PAMI-6, 721–741 (1984). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Carnevali, L. Coletti, S. Patarnello, “Image Processing by Simulated Annealing,” IBM J. Res. Dev. 29, 569 (1985). [CrossRef]
  16. H. Farhoosh, M. R. Feldman, S. H. Lee, C. C. Guest, Y. Fainman, R. Eschbach, “Comparison of Binary Encoding Schemes for Electron-Beam Fabrication of Computer Generated Holograms,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4361–4372 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. M. Arnold, “Electron Beam Fabrication of Computer Generated Holograms,” Opt. Eng. 24, 803–807 (1985). [CrossRef]
  18. J. A. Davis, D. M. Cottrell, R. A. Lilly, S. W. Connely, “Multiplexed Phase-Encoded Lenses Written on Spatial Light Modulators,” Opt. Lett. 14, 420–422 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. S. Kim, C. C. Guest, “Block Quantization of an Annealed Binary Phase Hologram for Optical Interconnects,” Proc. Soc. Photo-Opt. Instrum. Eng. 1151, 231–236 (1989).
  20. M. S. Kim, C. C. Guest, “Simulated Annealing Algorithm for Binary Phase Only Filter in Pattern Classification,” Appl. Opt. 29, 1203–1208 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited