An optical neurochip with learning capability and a memory function is reported for the first time, to our knowledge. The neurochip is a three-dimensional optoelectronic integrated circuit consisting of a light-emitting diode array and a variable-sensitivity photodetector array. The principle of operation and the fundamental characteristics of the neurochip are described in detail. The synaptic weights, which, are acquired through learning, are stored in the variable-sensitivity photodetector as the detection sensitivity with analog values. Both the positive and the negative synaptic weights are memorized with one variable-sensitivity photodetector element by changing the polarity of the electric signal applied to the photodetector. A storage time of ~20 min. was obtained. With a fabricated optical neurochip that had 32 neurons and 32 × 32 synapses, experiments of on-chip learning for pattern classification were performed successfully.
© 1993 Optical Society of America
Yoshikazu Nitta, Jun Ohta, Syuichi Tai, and Kazuo Kyuma, "Optical learning neurochip with internal analog memory," Appl. Opt. 32, 1264-1274 (1993)