Experimental results are presented that show that diffraction off a surface-relief reflection grating can be used to extend the FWHM input coupling efficiency versus the coupled-light wavelength of a grating coupler from 0.7 to 17 nm. Use of a surface-relief reflection grating allows high diffraction efficiency over a wide wavelength range. Dispersion-matching calculations are included that illustrate that for certain output coupling applications the FWHM can be extended to 33 am. Analysis shows that for inputcoupling applications the lateral beam shift resulting from angular dispersion may be the limiting factor for wavelength compensation.
© 1994 Optical Society of America
Thomas A. Strasser and Mool C. Gupta, "Grating coupler dispersion compensation with a surface-relief reflection grating," Appl. Opt. 33, 3220-3226 (1994)