A single bubble of air in water can emit pulses of blue-white light that have durations of less than 50 ps while it is oscillating in an acoustic standing wave. The emission is called sonoluminescence. A knowledge of the bubble diameter throughout the cycle, and in particular near the time of sonoluminescence emission, can provide important information about the phenomenon. A new Mie scattering technique is developed to determine the size of the bubble through its expansion and collapse during the acoustic cycle. The technique does not rely on an independent means of calibration or on accurate measurements of the scattered intensity.
© 1995 Optical Society of America
W. J. Lentz, Anthony A. Atchley, and D. Felipe Gaitan, "Mie scattering from a sonoluminescing air bubble in water," Appl. Opt. 34, 2648-2654 (1995)