We present a method for the noninvasive determination of the size, position, and optical properties (absorption and reduced scattering coefficients) of tumors in the human breast. The tumor is first detected by frequency-domain optical mammography. It is then sized, located, and optically characterized by use of diffusion theory as a model for the propagation of near-infrared light in breast tissue. Our method assumes that the tumor is a spherical inhomogeneity embedded in an otherwise homogeneous tissue. We report the results obtained on a 55-year-old patient with a papillary cancer in the right breast. We found that the tumor absorbs and scatters near-infrared light more strongly than the surrounding healthy tissue. Our method has yielded a tumor diameter of 2.1 ± 0.2 cm, which is comparable with the actual size of 1.6 cm, determined after surgery. From the tumor absorption coefficients at two wavelengths (690 and 825 nm), we calculated the total hemoglobin concentration (40 ± 10 μM) and saturation (71 ± 9%) of the tumor. These results can provide the clinical examiner with more detailed information about breast lesions detected by frequency-domain optical mammography, thereby enhancing its potential for specificity.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 4, 1997
Revised Manuscript: December 8, 1997
Published: April 1, 1998
Sergio Fantini, Scott A. Walker, Maria Angela Franceschini, Michael Kaschke, Peter M. Schlag, and K. Thomas Moesta, "Assessment of the size, position, and optical properties of breast tumors in vivo by noninvasive optical methods," Appl. Opt. 37, 1982-1989 (1998)