Routine clinical detection of precancerous lesions by laser-inducedautofluorescence was recently demonstrated in several medicalfields. This technique is based on the analysis of complex spectrawith overlapping broad structures. However, in biological tissues, scattering and absorption are wavelength dependent, and the observedfluorescence signals are distorted when the illumination and detectiongeometry varies, making comparison of results from different groupsdifficult. We study this phenomenon experimentally in human tissuein a simple experiment: A fiber is used for the excitation and anidentical fiber is used for reception of the signal; both fibers aremaintained in contact with the tissue. We study the distortion ofthe spectra as a function of the distance between the twofibers. For correction of the spectra we show that it is possibleto use a fast and accurate <i>ab initio</i> Monte Carlo simulationwhen the spectral variations of the optical properties of the mediumare known. The main advantage of this simulation is itsapplicability even for complex boundary conditions or when the sampleconsists of several layers.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Sigrid Avrillier, Eric Tinet, Dominique Ettori, Jean-Michel Tualle, and Bernard Gélébart, "Influence of the Emission-Reception Geometry in Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectra from Turbid Media," Appl. Opt. 37, 2781-2787 (1998)