OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 1998
  • pp: 3345–3353

Multicomponent Trace-Gas Analysis by Three Intracavity Photoacoustic Cells in a CO Laser: Observation of Anaerobic and Postanaerobic Emission of Acetaldehyde and Ethanol in Cherry Tomatoes

Frans G. C. Bijnen, Hanna Zuckermann, Frans J. M. Harren, and Jörg Reuss  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 15, pp. 3345-3353 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (374 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Three serial photoacoustic cells are employed within the cavity of a liquid-nitrogen-cooled CO laser to monitor on-line trace-gas concentrations. Multicomponent gas analysis is performed on sequential repetitive measurements of ethylene, acetaldehyde, CO<sub>2</sub>, ethanol, and H<sub>2</sub>O. To demonstrate the high sensitivity of the laser photoacoustic detector for the biologically interesting gases, acetaldehyde (0.1-parts per billion in volume detection limit) and ethanol (10 parts per billion in volume), we follow the time-dependent release by cherry tomatoes during changing aerobic–anaerobic conditions.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric composition
(140.4130) Lasers and laser optics : Molecular gas lasers
(280.1120) Remote sensing and sensors : Air pollution monitoring
(300.0300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy
(300.6360) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, laser
(300.6430) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, photothermal

Frans G. C. Bijnen, Hanna Zuckermann, Frans J. M. Harren, and Jörg Reuss, "Multicomponent Trace-Gas Analysis by Three Intracavity Photoacoustic Cells in a CO Laser: Observation of Anaerobic and Postanaerobic Emission of Acetaldehyde and Ethanol in Cherry Tomatoes," Appl. Opt. 37, 3345-3353 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. J. Slanina, Biosphere Atmosphere Exchange of Pollutants and Trace Substances (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1997).
  2. Z. W. Weitz, A. J. Birnbaum, P. A. Sobotka, E. J. Zarling, and J. L. Skosey, “High breath pentane concentrations during acute myocardial infarction,” Lancet 337, 933–935 (1991).
  3. T. W. Kimmerer and T. T. Kozlowski, “Ethylene, ethane, acetaldehyde and ethanol production by plants under stress,” Plant Physiol. 69, 840–847 (1982).
  4. M. W. Sigrist, Air Monitoring by Spectroscopic Techniques (Wiley, New York, 1994).
  5. R. T. Jongma, M. G. H. Boogaarts, I. Holleman, and G. Meijer, “Trace gas detection with cavity ring down spectroscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2821–2828 (1995).
  6. F. J. M. Harren, F. G. C. Bijnen, J. Reuss, L. A. C. J. Voesenek, and C. W. P. M. Blom, “Sensitive intracavity photoacoustic measurements with a CO2 waveguide laser,” Appl. Phys. B. 50, 137–144 (1990).
  7. H. S. M. de Vries, F. J. M. Harren, L. A. C. J. Voesenek, C. W. P. M. Blom, E. J. Woltering, H. C. P. M. van der Valk, and J. Reuss, “Investigation of local ethylene emission from intact Cherry tomatoes by means of photothermal deflection and photoacoustic detection,” Plant Physiol. 107, 1371–1377 (1995).
  8. S. B. Tilden and M. Bonner Denton, “A comparison of data reduction techniques for line excited optoacoustic analysis of mixtures,” Appl. Spectrosc. 39, 1017–1022 (1985).
  9. P. L. Meyer and M. W. Sigrist, “Atmospheric pollution monitoring using CO2-laser photoacoustic spectroscopy and other techniques,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61, 1779–1807 (1990).
  10. S. Bernegger and M. W. Sigrist, “CO laser photoacoustic spectroscopy of gases and vapors for trace gas analysis,” Infrared Phys. 30, 375–429 (1990).
  11. W. Urban, in Frontiers of Laser Spectroscopy of Gases, A. C. P. Alves, J. M. Brown, and M. Hollas, eds., Vol. 234 of NATO Advanced Studies Institute Series (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1988), pp. 9–42.
  12. T. C. Lioutas, “Challenges of controlled and modified atmosphere packaging: a food company’s perspective,” Food Technol. 42, 78–86 (1988).
  13. F. G. C. Bijnen, F. J. M. Harren, J. H. P. Hackstein, and J. Reuss, “Intracavity CO laser photoacoustic trace gas detection: cyclic CH4, H2O, and CO2 emission by cockroaches and scarab beetles,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5357–5368 (1996).
  14. F. G. C. Bijnen, J. Reuss, and F. J. M. Harren, “Geometrical optimization of a longitudinal resonant photoacoustic cell for sensitive and fast trace gas detection,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 67, 2914–2923 (1996).
  15. A. Thöny and M. W. Sigrist, “New developments in CO2 laser photoacoustic monitoring of trace gases,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 36, 585–615 (1995).
  16. W. H. Press, Numerical Recipes in C, 2nd ed. (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1992).
  17. D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 73rd ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1992), pp. 6–69–6–99.
  18. A. W. Tickner and F. P. Lossing, “Measurements of low vapor pressures,” J. Phys. Chem. 55, 733–738 (1951).
  19. F. B. Abeles, P. W. Morgan, and M. E. Saltveit, Jr., Ethylene in Plant Biology, 1st ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992).
  20. H. S. M. de Vries, M. A. J. Wasono, F. J. M. Harren, E. J. Woltering, H. C. P. M. van der Valk, and J. Reuss, “Ethylene and CO2 emission rates and pathways in harvested fruits investigated, in situ, by laser photodeflection and photoacoustic techniques,” Postharvest Biol. Technol. 8, 1–10 (1996).
  21. F. B. Salisbury and C. W. Ross, Plant Physiology (Wadsworth, Belmont, Calif., 1992).
  22. P. Perata and A. Alpi, “Ethanol induced injuries to carrot cells, the role of acetaldehyde,” Plant Physiol. 95, 748–752 (1991).
  23. W. Armstrong, R. Brändle, and M. B. Jackson, “Mechanisms of flood tolerance in plants,” Acta Bot. Neerl. 43, 307–358 (1994).
  24. L. S. Monk, R. Brändle, and R. M. M. Crawford, “Catalase activity and post-anoxic injury in monocotyledonous species,” J. Exp. Bot. 38, 233–246 (1987).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited