OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 37, Iss. 27 — Sep. 20, 1998
  • pp: 6415–6420

Working beyond the static limits of laser stability by use of adaptive and polarization-conjugation optics

Inon Moshe, Steven Jackel, and Raphael Lallouz  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 27, pp. 6415-6420 (1998)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (637 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Strong thermo-optical aberrations in flash–lamp-pumped Nd:Cr:GSGG rods were corrected to yield TEM00 output at twice the efficiency of Nd:YAG. A hemispherical resonator operating at the limit of stability was employed. As much as 3 W of average power in a Gaussian beam (M2 ≈ 1) was generated. Unique features were zero warm-up time and the ability to vary the repetition rate without varying energy, near- and far-field profiles, or polarization purity. Thermal focusing and astigmatism were corrected with a microprocessor-controlled adaptive-optics backmirror composed of discrete elements (variable-radius mirror). A reentrant resonator coupled polarizer losses back into the laser rod and corrected depolarization.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1080) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Active or adaptive optics
(140.3380) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials
(140.3410) Lasers and laser optics : Laser resonators
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence

Original Manuscript: January 8, 1998
Revised Manuscript: April 14, 1998
Published: September 20, 1998

Inon Moshe, Steven Jackel, and Raphael Lallouz, "Working beyond the static limits of laser stability by use of adaptive and polarization-conjugation optics," Appl. Opt. 37, 6415-6420 (1998)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. E. Reed, “A flashlamp-pumped, Q-switched Cr:Nd:GSGG laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1625–1629 (1985). [CrossRef]
  2. V. Smirnov, I. Shcherbakov, “Rare earth scandium chromium garnets as active media for solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 949–959 (1988);G. Armagan, B. DiBartolo, “Mechanisms for thermal dependence of the Cr to Nd energy transfer in garnets,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 974–978 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. D. Sumida, D. Rockwell, “Pumping efficiency and emission cross-section measurements of flashlamp-pumped chromium- and neodymium-doped scandium garnets using threshold lasing,” in Solid State Lasers III, G. J. Quarles, ed., Proc. SPIE1627, 273–280 (1992). [CrossRef]
  4. W. Krupke, M. Shinn, J. Marion, J. Caird, S. Stokowski, “Spectroscopic, optical, and thermomechanical properties of neodymium- and chromium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 102–113 (1986). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Hamlin, J. Myers, T. Rexrode, “High-efficiency, flashlamp-pumped CTH:YAG lasers operated above room temperature,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, L. L. Chase, A. A. Pintos, eds., Vol. 13 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1992), pp. 135–138.
  6. J. Williams-Byrd, N. Barnes, “Laser performance, thermal focusing and depolarization effects in Nd:Cr:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” in Solid State Lasers, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1223, 237–246 (1990). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Sumida, D. Rockwell, M. Mangir, “Energy storage and heating measurements in flashlamp-pumped Cr:Nd:GSGG and Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 985–994 (1988). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Jackel, A. Kaufman, R. Lallouz, “High-repetition rate oscillators based on athermal glass rods and on birefringence correction techniques,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3008–3017 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. I. Moshe, S. Jackel, R. Lallouz, “Dynamic correction of thermal focusing in Nd:YAG confocal unstable resonators using a variable-radius mirror,” Appl. Opt. (to be published).
  10. S. Jackel, I. Moshe, A. Kaufman, R. Lavi, R. Lallouz, “High-energy Nd:Cr:GSGG lasers based on phase and polarization conjugated multiple-pass amplifiers,” Opt. Eng. 36, 2031–2036 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. R. Lavi, A. Englander, R. Lallouz, “Highly efficient low-threshold tunable, all-solid-state intracavity optical parametric oscillator in the mid IR,” Opt. Lett. 21, 800–802 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Kortz, R. Ifflander, H. Weber, “Stability and beam divergence of multimode lasers with internal variable lenses,” Appl. Opt. 20, 4124–4134 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Jackel, I. Moshe, “Method and apparatus for compensating thermal effects in laser resonators and multiple-pass amplifiers,” Israel patent application121720 (8September1997).
  14. R. H. Freeman, R. J. Freiberg, H. R. Garcia, “Adaptive laser resonator,” Opt. Lett. 2, 61–63 (1978). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited