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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 3 — Jan. 20, 1998
  • pp: 438–442

Design of a four-element, hollow-cube corner retroreflector for satellites by use of a genetic algorithm

Atsushi Minato and Nobuo Sugimoto  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 3, pp. 438-442 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.000438


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Abstract

A four-element retroreflector was designed for satellite laser ranging and Earth–satellite–Earth laser long-path absorption measurement of the atmosphere. The retroreflector consists of four symmetrically located corner retroreflectors. Each retroreflector element has curved mirrors and tuned dihedral angles to correct velocity aberrations. A genetic algorithm was employed to optimize dihedral angles of each element and the directions of the four elements. The optimized four-element retroreflector has high reflectance with a reasonably broad angular coverage. It is also shown that the genetic algorithm is effective for optimizing optics with many parameters.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(140.3460) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers
(350.4600) Other areas of optics : Optical engineering

History
Original Manuscript: February 6, 1997
Revised Manuscript: May 23, 1997
Published: January 20, 1998

Citation
Atsushi Minato and Nobuo Sugimoto, "Design of a four-element, hollow-cube corner retroreflector for satellites by use of a genetic algorithm," Appl. Opt. 37, 438-442 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-3-438

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