OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 37, Iss. 9 — Mar. 20, 1998
  • pp: 1435–1440

Halo arcs from airborne, pyramidal ice crystals falling with their c axes in vertical orientation

Marko Pekkola, Marko Riikonen, Jarmo Moilanen, and Jukka Ruoskanen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 37, Issue 9, pp. 1435-1440 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.37.001435


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (434 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Many halo arcs are caused by pyramidal crystals that have {1 0 -1 1} crystal faces. We treat halo arcs arising from pyramidal crystals that fall in the air with their c axes vertically oriented. To our knowledge only 6 of the 12 possible halo phenomena that belong to this category have been dealt with in the literature. Surprisingly the yet undiscussed halos are predicted to be of comparable intensity with those already treated. They are produced by reflections from pyramidal crystal basal faces. A theoretical summary and computer simulations are presented of the mentioned 12 halo phenomena and of the individual arcs into which they break in the sky. We give an overview to the current level of documentation of these phenomena by listing the first published photographs of each phenomenon known to the authors.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.1290) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric optics
(010.2940) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Ice crystal phenomena

History
Original Manuscript: June 20, 1997
Revised Manuscript: October 21, 1997
Published: March 20, 1998

Citation
Marko Pekkola, Marko Riikonen, Jarmo Moilanen, and Jukka Ruoskanen, "Halo arcs from airborne, pyramidal ice crystals falling with their c axes in vertical orientation," Appl. Opt. 37, 1435-1440 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-37-9-1435

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited