Superior mirages of simple appearance are occasionally observed over distances exceeding 70 km. These mirages cannot be explained in terms of standard textbook models; rather, they are shown to arise from fairly complex atmospheres. Two observations of different types, observed at Resolute Bay, Canada, are presented. The first is the basic three-image mirage in which one inverted and one erect image float above the object. The second is a single-image mirage in which the object is elevated but undistorted. For each, the most suitable atmospheric model contains several distinct atmospheres, and the first one requires sloped atmospheric layers as well.
© 1998 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: June 24, 1997
Revised Manuscript: September 2, 1997
Published: March 20, 1998
Waldemar H. Lehn and Thomas L. Legal, "Long-range superior mirages," Appl. Opt. 37, 1489-1494 (1998)