OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 1999
  • pp: 2605–2613

Rocketborne Rayleigh Lidar for In Situ Measurements of Neutral Atmospheric Density

Torkild Eriksen, Ulf-Peter Hoppe, Eivind V. Thrane, and Tom A. Blix  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 12, pp. 2605-2613 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.002605


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (372 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We describe the design of a small Rayleigh scattering lidar for launch on a sounding rocket as well as the first, to our knowledge, in situ measurements of neutral number density performed with a rocketborne lidar in the mesosphere. The aim of the experiment is to study the dynamics of the neutral atmosphere with emphasis on turbulent structures and gravity waves. The altitude resolution of the density profile is better than 10 m. The uncertainty is 0.3% below 55 km and better than 1% to an altitude of 65 km. The lidar technique meets the requirement of measurement of total molecular density outside the shock front surrounding the supersonic payload, which is necessary for precision measurements of neutral atmospheric density. We have compared different component technologies and design approaches and show performance calculations for two electro-optical systems. The first system has laser and detector components that were available in 1993, the second has new solutions that became available in 1995. The second system has a signal-to-noise ratio that is five times higher than the first and employs a pulsed high-power laser diode array as the transmitter and a large-area avalanche photodiode as the receiver.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(010.3640) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Lidar
(040.5160) Detectors : Photodetectors
(140.2010) Lasers and laser optics : Diode laser arrays
(280.3640) Remote sensing and sensors : Lidar
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh

Citation
Torkild Eriksen, Ulf-Peter Hoppe, Eivind V. Thrane, and Tom A. Blix, "Rocketborne Rayleigh Lidar for In Situ Measurements of Neutral Atmospheric Density," Appl. Opt. 38, 2605-2613 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-12-2605

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Log in to access OSA Member Subscription

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited