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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 21 — Jul. 20, 1999
  • pp: 4711–4719

Highly dispersive mirror in Ta2O5/SiO2 for femtosecond lasers designed by inverse spectral theory

Steven R. A. Dods, Zhigang Zhang, and Mutsuo Ogura  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 21, pp. 4711-4719 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.004711


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Abstract

A highly dispersive mirror for dispersion compensation in femtosecond lasers is designed by inverse spectral theory. The design of a simple quarter-wave Bragg reflector can be modified by moving the poles in the optical impedance found in the photonic stop band. These spectral quantities are used as independent variables in the numerical optimization because they have no effect on the location of the photonic stop band, and so the design requirements to obtain a high reflectivity and a specific delay spectrum are decoupled. The design was fabricated by ion-beam sputtering. A group delay dispersion of -300 fs2 was measured over a bandwidth of 28 nm, with a remaining reflectivity of greater than 99% in this range. The mirrors were used to make two Ti:sapphire lasers with 10- and 4-mm-long crystals, both of which generated near-transform-limited pulses of 35-fs duration. Because of the high dispersion of the mirrors, the laser cavities needed only five and three bounces from the mirrors, thus keeping reflection losses to a minimum.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.3860) General : Mathematical methods in physics
(140.3580) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, solid-state
(310.1860) Thin films : Deposition and fabrication
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(320.0320) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast optics
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers

History
Original Manuscript: December 21, 1998
Revised Manuscript: March 29, 1999
Published: July 20, 1999

Citation
Steven R. A. Dods, Zhigang Zhang, and Mutsuo Ogura, "Highly dispersive mirror in Ta2O5/SiO2 for femtosecond lasers designed by inverse spectral theory," Appl. Opt. 38, 4711-4719 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-21-4711


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