We present a new, folded reversal interferometer. It is based on the reflective grating interferometer and can be applied for optical isolation and testing of coma aberration. The interferometer has several advantages in respect to other existing optical reversal configurations. A carrier can be easily added for phase retrieval in interferometric fringe patterns for mapping coma aberration. Furthermore, in an asymmetric optical configuration a lateral shear can also be added, transforming it in a reversal shearing interferometer. The principle of operation of the interferometer is described, and the application for measuring the coma aberration of a parabolic mirror used off axis is demonstrated.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
(090.1000) Holography : Aberration compensation
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(220.4840) Optical design and fabrication : Testing
(230.4040) Optical devices : Mirrors
Sergio De Nicola, Pietro Ferraro, Andrea Finizio, and Giovanni Pierattini, "Reflective Grating Interferometer: a Folded Reversal Wave-Front Interferometer," Appl. Opt. 38, 4845-4849 (1999)