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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 6 — Feb. 20, 1999
  • pp: 1008–1014

Monomers and polymers in a centrifugal field: a new method to produce refractive-index gradients in polymers

Frank G. H. van Duijnhoven and Cees W. M. Bastiaansen  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 6, pp. 1008-1014 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.001008


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Abstract

A new method is presented to generate and to fixate compositional gradients in blends of two miscible and amorphous polymers. A compositional gradient is introduced into a solution of a polymer in a monomer by use of a centrifugal field, and this gradient is subsequently fixated by polymerization of the solvent–monomer. It is shown that substantial compositional and refractive-index gradients can be generated in miscible, highly transparent, amorphous polymer blends by a proper selection of materials and processing conditions. Moreover, it is shown that these materials and processes are potentially useful for producing optical components such as self-focusing lenses.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(110.2760) Imaging systems : Gradient-index lenses
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers

History
Original Manuscript: June 11, 1998
Revised Manuscript: September 9, 1998
Published: February 20, 1999

Citation
Frank G. H. van Duijnhoven and Cees W. M. Bastiaansen, "Monomers and polymers in a centrifugal field: a new method to produce refractive-index gradients in polymers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1008-1014 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-6-1008


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