A novel, to our knowledge, sapphire-fiber thermometer ranging from 20° to 1800 °C is presented that combines the radiance detection and the fluorescent lifetime detection schemes into one system. The thermal probe is a sapphire fiber grown from the laser-heated pedestal growth method. Its end part is doped with Cr3+ ion and coated with some radiance material to constitute a minifiber cavity. The sapphire fiber is coupled with a Y-shaped silica fiber bundle for signal transmission. Radiance and fluorescence signal processing schemes are also set up within one thermometer system. A sandwich two-band p-i-n detector is used that may respond to both the radiation and the fluorescence. Preliminary experimental results show that the thermometer is suitable for practical application with potential long-term stability and a high-temperature resolution.
© 1999 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: July 20, 1998
Revised Manuscript: October 6, 1998
Published: March 1, 1999
Yonghang Shen, Limin Tong, Yanqi Wang, and Linhua Ye, "Sapphire-fiber thermometer ranging from 20 to 1800 °C," Appl. Opt. 38, 1139-1143 (1999)