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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 38, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 1999
  • pp: 1343–1347

Restoration and frequency analysis of smeared CCD images

Keith Powell, Deeph Chana, David Fish, and Chris Thompson  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 38, Issue 8, pp. 1343-1347 (1999)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.38.001343


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Abstract

Image smear caused by frame transfer in CCD detectors is considered in terms of an image restoration problem, and an efficient method of achieving smear removal is described and demonstrated. A frequency analysis of the image smearing process identifies optimal regimes for the operation of the CCD.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.1520) Detectors : CCD, charge-coupled device
(100.2000) Image processing : Digital image processing
(100.2980) Image processing : Image enhancement
(110.4850) Imaging systems : Optical transfer functions

History
Original Manuscript: July 20, 1998
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 1998
Published: March 10, 1999

Citation
Keith Powell, Deeph Chana, David Fish, and Chris Thompson, "Restoration and frequency analysis of smeared CCD images," Appl. Opt. 38, 1343-1347 (1999)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-38-8-1343


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References

  1. D. J. Burt, “Extending the performance limits of CCD image sensors,” GEC J. Res. 12, 130–140 (1995).
  2. B. T. Turko, G. J. Yates, “Elimination of artifacts in interline charge-coupled device imagers,” Opt. Eng. 30, 1542–1546 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Hagiwara, “High-density and high-quality frame transfer CCD imager with very low smear, low dark current, and very high blue sensitivity,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices 43, 2122–2130 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. R. C. Gonzalez, R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1992).
  5. J. E. U. Ashton, EEV Ltd., Waterhouse Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, UK (personal communication, 1996).
  6. J. C. Feltz, M. A. Karim, “Modulation transfer function of charge-coupled devices,” Appl. Opt. 29, 717–722 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. M. Iftekharuddin, M. A. Karim, “Acquisition by staring focal plane arrays: pixel geometry effects,” Opt. Eng. 32, 2649–2656 (1993). [CrossRef]
  8. J. G. Proakis, D. G. Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing, Principles, Algorithms, and Applications (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1996).

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