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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 39, Iss. 15 — May. 20, 2000
  • pp: 2475–2479

Narrow-linewidth vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for oxygen detection

Hans P. Zappe, Martin Hess, Michael Moser, Rainer Hövel, Karlheinz Gulden, Hans-Peter Gauggel, and Fabrice Monti di Sopra  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 39, Issue 15, pp. 2475-2479 (2000)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.39.002475


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Abstract

The use of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSEL’s) for optical detection of atmospheric oxygen is described. The VCSEL’s were custom designed for single-mode emission in the 763-nm wavelength range, with low noise and narrow optical linewidth. Using standard wavelength modulation spectroscopy and a second-harmonic detection scheme with a 1-m air path, we determined an oxygen concentration resolution of 0.2%. Because of its small size, low power dissipation, and good tunability characteristics, the VCSEL promises to be an attractive light source for use in compact, low-cost optical sensor microsystems for trace gas detection.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3570) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, single-mode
(280.3420) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser sensors
(300.6260) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, diode lasers

History
Original Manuscript: September 15, 1999
Revised Manuscript: February 14, 2000
Published: May 20, 2000

Citation
Hans P. Zappe, Martin Hess, Michael Moser, Rainer Hövel, Karlheinz Gulden, Hans-Peter Gauggel, and Fabrice Monti di Sopra, "Narrow-linewidth vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers for oxygen detection," Appl. Opt. 39, 2475-2479 (2000)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-39-15-2475


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