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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 4, Iss. 1 — Jan. 1, 1965
  • pp: 123–127

Internal Modulation of Optical Masers (Bandwidth Limitations)

I. P. Kaminow  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 4, Issue 1, pp. 123-127 (1965)

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The operation of coupling-type internal modulators is reviewed briefly, and the bandwidth limitations are examined. It is found that excitation of natural modes of the resonator will normally restrict the signal bandwidth to half the longitudinal mode spacing. However, the bandwidth can be extended if the maser is permitted to oscillate in only one mode, if only a small fraction of the internal energy is coupled out, and if large attenuation can be introduced at appropriate resonator mode frequencies.

© 1965 Optical Society of America

Original Manuscript: May 15, 1964
Published: January 1, 1965

I. P. Kaminow, "Internal Modulation of Optical Masers (Bandwidth Limitations)," Appl. Opt. 4, 123-127 (1965)

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  1. K. Gürs, Z. Physik 172, 145 (1963). [CrossRef]
  2. K. Gürs, R. Müller, in Optical Masers (Polytechnic Press, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1963). See alsoK. Gürs, R. Müller, Phys. Rev. Letters 5, 179 (1963).
  3. G. Grau, D. Rosenberger, Phys. Rev. Letters 6, 129 (1963).
  4. D. A. Kleinman, P. P. Kisliuk, Bell. System Tech. J., 41, 453 (1962). See alsoH. Kogelnik, C. K. N. Patel, Proc. Inst. Radio Engrs. 50, 2365 (1962).
  5. S. A. Collins, G. R. White, Appl. Opt. 2, 448 (1963). See alsoH. Manger, H. Rothe, Phys. Rev. Letters 7, 330 (1963); D. Roess, Proc. IEEE 52, 198 (1964). [CrossRef]

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