We propose the optical implementation of diffractive optical elements onto electrically addressed liquid-crystal spatial light modulators. We compare the classic implementations onto amplitude-only or phase-only domains with the implementations onto coupled phase and amplitude (spiral) domains. We demonstrate that the coupling between amplitude and phase provides a trade-off between diffraction efficiency and the signal-to-noise ratio in the reconstruction. Furthermore, when investigating the influence of the maximum dephasing on phase domains and spiral domains through the use of optimal trade-off design, we show that phase-only domains with limited maximum dephasing can provide satisfactory performance. Finally, optical implementations are provided.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
(090.1760) Holography : Computer holography
(090.1970) Holography : Diffractive optics
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators
Christophe Stolz, Laurent Bigué, and Pierre Ambs, "Implementation of High-Resolution Diffractive Optical Elements on Coupled Phase and Amplitude Spatial Light Modulators," Appl. Opt. 40, 6415-6424 (2001)