OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 40, Iss. 36 — Dec. 20, 2001
  • pp: 6611–6617

Photothermal behavior of an optical path adhesive used for photonics applications at 1550 nm

Michael DeRosa and Stephan Logunov  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 36, pp. 6611-6617 (2001)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (163 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A theoretical and experimental study of photothermal behavior in a commercially available optical path adhesive is described. Photothermal effects were examined for cw and pulsed laser radiation (∼1 µs) at 1550 nm. A fiber-optic backreflection technique was used to measure the thermo-optic glass transition temperature of the adhesive. This transition temperature was then used to calibrate fiber-optic photothermal blooming and backreflection pump–probe experiments. Simple thermal models predict ΔT at 300 mW (cw) to be 65 °C and 53 °C at 100 W (pulsed). Experimental results are in reasonable agreement with theoretical predictions. The characteristic photothermal relaxation time after a 1-µs pulse for optical path adhesives is found to be 166 µs at the end of a fiber where the mode field diameter is 10.5 µm. Photothermally induced temperatures were found to be below the thermal degradation temperature of the adhesive even at powers as high as 1 W (cw) or 100 W (pulse).

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2330) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics communications
(120.6810) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Thermal effects
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(160.5470) Materials : Polymers

Original Manuscript: November 28, 2000
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2001
Published: December 20, 2001

Michael DeRosa and Stephan Logunov, "Photothermal behavior of an optical path adhesive used for photonics applications at 1550 nm," Appl. Opt. 40, 6611-6617 (2001)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Y. Yamamada, F. Hanawa, T. Kitoh, T. Maruno, “Low-loss and stable fiber-to-waveguide connection utilizing UV curable adhesive,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 906–908 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Hibino, F. Hanawa, H. Nakagome, M. Ishii, N. Takato, “High reliability optical splitters composed of silica-based planar lightwave circuits,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1728–1735 (1995). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Kobayashi, F. Kiger, M. Myers, A. Spector, “Long term reliability testing of silica glass optical waveguide splitters,” in Proceedings of National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, June 18–22, 1995, Boston, Mass. (Bellcore, Piscataway, N.J., 1995), pp. 833–837.
  4. M. C. J. M. Donckers, T. Tumolillo, P. De Dobbelaere, M. Flipse, M. Diemeer, “Reliability and environmental stability of polymer based solid state optical switches,” Jpn J. Appl. Phys. 37, 53–55 (1998).
  5. T. Strite, P. van der Stokker, “Telecommunications: needs drive laser improvements,” Photonics Spectra106–107 (1999).
  6. J. Kulakofsky, “Are the components you use strong enough for the high power systems you need?,” Lightwave 17, 147–152 (2000).
  7. R. A. Norwood, “Return loss measurements for the determination of critical materials parameters for polymer optical waveguides,” in Organic Thin Films for Photonic Applications, Vol. 14 of OSA 1997 Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 161–163.
  8. N. J. Dovichi, “Thermo-optical spectrophotometries in analytical chemistry,” Crit. Rev. Anal. Chem. 17, 357–423 (1987). [CrossRef]
  9. S. E. Braslavsky, K. Heihoff, “Photothermal methods,” in CRC Handbook of Organic Photochemistry, J. C. Scaiano (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1989), Vol. 1, pp. 327–355.
  10. H. Einsiedel, S. Mittler-Neher, “Photothermal beam deflection techniques: useful tools for integrated optics,” Opt. Appl. 26, 347–357 (1996).
  11. M. J. McFarland, K. W. Beeson, “Polymer microstructures which facilitate fiber optic to waveguide coupling,” U.S. patent5,359,687 (25October1994).
  12. Y. Takezawa, N. Taketani, S. Tanno, S. Ohara, “Light absorption due to higher harmonics of molecular vibrations in transparent amorphous polymers for plastic optical fiber,” J. Polym. Sci. 30, 879–885 (1992). [CrossRef]
  13. H. S. Carslaw, J. C. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, London, 1959).
  14. R. Wood, Laser Damage in Optical Materials (Institute of Physics, Bristol, UK, 1986).
  15. A. A. Manenkov, V. S. Nechitailo, “Role of absorbing defects in laser damage to transparent polymers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 10, 347–349 (1980). [CrossRef]
  16. K. M. Dyumaev, A. A. Manenkov, A. P. Maslyukov, G. A. Matyushin, V. S. Nechitailo, A. M. Prokhorov, “Transparent polymers: a new class of optical materials for lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13, 503–507 (1983). [CrossRef]
  17. A. V. Butenin, B. Ya. Kogan, “Nucleation and evolution of a thermochemical instability at an absorbing inclusion in polymethylmethacrylate caused by a cw laser beam,” Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 24, 506–507 (1979).
  18. R. M. O’Connell, T. T. Saito, “Plastics for high power laser applications: a review,” Opt. Eng. 22, 393–399 (1983).
  19. J. Crank, The Mathematics of Diffusion, 2nd ed. (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, UK, 1975).
  20. S. E. Bialkowski, Photothermal Spectroscopy Methods for Chemical Analysis, Vol. 134 of Chemical Analysis (Wiley, New York, 1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited