OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 40, Iss. 4 — Feb. 1, 2001
  • pp: 553–564

X-ray telescope onboard Astro-E: optical design and fabrication of thin foil mirrors

Hideyo Kunieda, Manabu Ishida, Takao Endo, Yasuhiro Hidaka, Hirohiko Honda, Kohsuke Imamura, Jun’ichi Ishida, Masamichi Maeda, Kazutami Misaki, Ryo Shibata, Akihiro Furuzawa, Kazutoshi Haga, Yasushi Ogasaka, Takashi Okajima, Yuzuru Tawara, Yuichi Terashima, Manabu Watanabe, Koujun Yamashita, Tsutomu Yoshioka, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Yang Soong, and Kai-Wing Chan  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 4, pp. 553-564 (2001)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.40.000553


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (404 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

X-ray telescopes (XRT’s) of nested thin foil mirrors are developed for Astro-E, the fifth Japanese x-ray astronomy satellite. Although the launch was not successful, the design concept, fabrication, and alignment procedure are summarized. The main purpose of the Astro-E XRT is to collect hard x rays up to 10 keV with high efficiency and to provide medium spatial resolution in limited weight and volume. Compared with the previous mission, Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA), a slightly longer focal length of 4.5–4.75 m and a larger diameter of 40 cm yields an effective area of 1750 cm2 at 8 keV with five telescopes. The image quality is also improved to 2-arc min half-power diameter by introduction of a replication process. Platinum is used instead of gold for the reflectors of one of the five telescopes to enhance the high-energy response. The fabrication and alignment procedure is also summarized. Several methods for improvement are suggested for the reflight Astro-E II mission and for other future missions. Preflight calibration results will be described in a forthcoming second paper, and a detailed study of images will be presented in a third paper.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(340.7440) X-ray optics : X-ray imaging
(340.7470) X-ray optics : X-ray mirrors
(340.7480) X-ray optics : X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

History
Original Manuscript: August 7, 2000
Revised Manuscript: November 1, 2000
Published: February 1, 2001

Citation
Hideyo Kunieda, Manabu Ishida, Takao Endo, Yasuhiro Hidaka, Hirohiko Honda, Kohsuke Imamura, Jun’ichi Ishida, Masamichi Maeda, Kazutami Misaki, Ryo Shibata, Akihiro Furuzawa, Kazutoshi Haga, Yasushi Ogasaka, Takashi Okajima, Yuzuru Tawara, Yuichi Terashima, Manabu Watanabe, Koujun Yamashita, Tsutomu Yoshioka, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Yang Soong, and Kai-Wing Chan, "X-ray telescope onboard Astro-E: optical design and fabrication of thin foil mirrors," Appl. Opt. 40, 553-564 (2001)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-40-4-553


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Tanaka, H. Inoue, S. S. Holt, “The x-ray astronomy satellite ASCA,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 46, L37–L41 (1994).
  2. P. J. Serlemitsos, L. Jalota, Y. Soong, H. Kunieda, Y. Tawara, Y. Tsusaka, H. Suzuki, Y. Sakima, T. Yamazaki, H. Yoshioka, A. Furuzawa, K. Yamashita, H. Awaki, M. Itoh, Y. Ogasaka, H. Honda, Y. Uchibori, “The x-ray telescope on board ASCA,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 47, 105–114 (1995).
  3. L. P. van Speybroeck, “Einstein observatory HEAO-B mirror design and performance,” in Space Optics Imaging X-Ray Optics Workshop, M. C. Weisskopf, ed., Proc. SPIE184, 2–11 (1979). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Aschenbach, “Design, construction, and performance of the ROSAT high-resolution x-ray mirror assembly,” Appl. Opt. 27, 1404–1413 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. Aschenbach, H. Braeuninger, “Grazing incidence for ESA’s x-ray astronomy mission XMM,” in X-Ray Instrumentation in Astronomy, L. Golub, ed., Proc. SPIE982, 10–15 (1988).
  6. P. Gondoin, B. R. Aschenbach, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. Egger, F. A. Jansen, Y. Stockman, J.-P. Tock, “Calibration of the first XMM flight mirror module. I. Image quality,” in X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE3444, 278–289 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. URL: http://astro.estec.esa.nl/XEUS/ .
  8. Y. Tsusaka, H. Suzuki, K. Yamashita, H. Kunieda, Y. Tawara, Y. Ogasaka, Y. Uchibori, H. Honda, M. Itoh, H. Awaki, H. Tsunemi, K. Hayashida, S. Nomoto, M. Wada, E. Miyata, P. J. Serlemitsos, L. Jalota, Y. Soong, “Characterization of the Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics x-ray telescope: preflight calibration and ray tracing,” Appl. Opt. 34, 4848–4856 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Shibata, M. Ishida, H. Kunieda, T. Endo, H. Honda, K. Misaki, J. Ishida, K. Imamura, Y. Hidaka, M. Maeda, Y. Tawara, Y. Ogasaka, A. Furuzawa, M. Watanabe, Y. Terashima, T. Yoshioka, T. Okajima, K. Yamashita, P. J. Serlemitsos, Y. Soong, K.-W. Chan are preparing a manuscript to be called “X-ray telescope onboard ASTRO-E. II. Ground-based characterization with x ray.”
  10. K. Misaki, Y. Hidaka, T. Endo, H. Honda, K. Imamura, M. Ishida, K. Itoh, H. Kunieda, H. Mori, R. Shibata are preparing a manuscript on the measured results and modeling of the image blur in thin foil mirror telescopes.
  11. R. L. Kelley, M. D. Audley, K. R. Boyce, S. R. Breon, R. Fujimoto, K. C. Gendreau, S. S. Holt, Y. Ishisaki, D. McCammon, T. Mihara, K. Mitsuda, S. H. Oseley, D. B. Mott, F. S. Porter, C. K. Stahle, A. E. Szymkowiak, “ASTRO-E highresolution x-ray spectrometer,” in EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy X, O. H. Siegmund, K. A. Flanagan, eds., Proc. SPIE3765, 114–127 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. K. Hayashida, S. Kitamoto, E. Miyata, H. Tsunemi, K. Hashimotodani, K. Katayama, T. Kohmura, R. Asakura, K. Yoshita, H. Katayama, M. Shouho, K. Koyama, T. G. Tsuru, H. Awaki, T. Dotani, M. Ozaki, G. R. Ricker, J. P. Doty, M. W. Bautz, S. E. Kissel, R. F. Foster, “Soft x-ray response of the prototype CCD camera (XIS) for Astro-E,” in EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy IX, O. H. Siegmund, M. A. Cummin, eds., Proc. SPIE3445, 278–290 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. M. C. Weisskopf, S. L. O’dell, L. P. van Speybroeck, “Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF),” in Multilayer and Grazing Incidence X-Ray/EUV Optics III, R. B. Hoover, A. B. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE2805, 2–7 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. H. Kunieda, Y. Tsusaka, H. Suzuki, Y. Ogawara, H. Awaki, Y. Tawara, K. Yamashita, T. Yamazaki, M. Itoh, T. Kii, F. Makino, Y. Ogawara, H. Tsunemi, K. Hayashida, S. Nomoto, M. Wada, E. Miyata, I. Hatsukade, “30 meter x-ray pencil beam line at the institute of space and astronautical science,” Jpn. J. Appl. Sci. 32, 4805–4813 (1993). [CrossRef]
  15. P. de Korte, “The X-ray imaging telescopes on EXOSAT,” Space Sci. Rev. 30, 495–511 (1981). [CrossRef]
  16. P. J. Serlemitsos, Y. Soong, “Foil x-ray mirrors,” Astrophys. Space. Sci. 239, 177–196 (1996). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited