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Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 40, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 2001
  • pp: 1116–1125

Sculpted-multilayer optical effects in two species of Papilio butterfly

Peter Vukusic, Roy Sambles, Christopher Lawrence, and Gavin Wakely  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 40, Issue 7, pp. 1116-1125 (2001)

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The wing-scale microstructures associated with two species of Papilio butterfly are described and characterized. Despite close similarities in their structures, they do not exhibit analogous optical effects. With Papilio palinurus, deep modulations in its multilayering create bicolor reflectivity with strong polarization effects, and this leads to additive color mixing in certain visual systems. In contrast to this, Papilio ulysses features shallow multilayer modulation that produces monocolor reflectivity without significant polarization effects.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.1430) General : Biology and medicine
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(310.6860) Thin films : Thin films, optical properties
(330.1690) Vision, color, and visual optics : Color

Original Manuscript: July 5, 2000
Revised Manuscript: November 27, 2000
Published: March 1, 2001

Peter Vukusic, Roy Sambles, Christopher Lawrence, and Gavin Wakely, "Sculpted-multilayer optical effects in two species of Papilio butterfly," Appl. Opt. 40, 1116-1125 (2001)

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