Damage growth in optical materials used in large-aperture laser systems is an issue of great importance to determine component lifetime and therefore cost of operation. Small size damage sites tend to grow when exposed to subsequent high-power laser irradiation at 355 nm. An understanding of the photophysical processes associated with damage growth is important to devise mitigation techniques. We examine the role of laser-modified material and cracks formed in the crater of damage pits in the damage growth process using fused-silica and deuterated KDP samples. Experimental results indicate that both of the above-mentioned features can initiate plasma formation at fluences as low as 2 J/cm2. The intensity of the recorded plasma emission remains low for fluences up to approximately 5 J/cm2 but rapidly increases thereafter, accompanied by an increase of the size of the damage crater.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: August 21, 2001
Revised Manuscript: March 13, 2002
Published: June 20, 2002
Stavros G. Demos, Mike Staggs, and Mark R. Kozlowski, "Investigation of processes leading to damage growth in optical materials for large-aperture lasers," Appl. Opt. 41, 3628-3633 (2002)