OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 41, Iss. 22 — Aug. 1, 2002
  • pp: 4655–4665

Highly Efficient and Aberration-Corrected Spectrometer for Advanced Raman Spectroscopy

Masayuki Futamata, Takehiko Takenouchi, and Kei-ichi Katakura  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 22, pp. 4655-4665 (2002)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.41.004655


View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (1002 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We designed an asymmetric Czerny-Turner-type spectrometer with a spectral resolution of approximately 1 cm−1 and a focal length of 500 mm (F/4.1) to improve the aberration properties: (1) coma aberration was corrected by use of a particular incident angle for a condensing mirror based on Shafer’s equation, (2) astigmatism was corrected by use of a toroidal condensing mirror, (3) the optimum distance was found between a grating and condensing mirror so that the centered light and marginal light at the detector possess the same incident angles to the condensing mirror (the aberration is therefore excellently corrected over the whole detector surfaces), and (4) these optimal configurations are ensured in a wide wavelength between 400 and 800 nm by use of gratings with different grooves. Then the spectrometer was constructed, and the excellent optical properties were confirmed with aligned fiber images and Raman spectra from copper phthalocyanine.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.0120) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology
(120.4140) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Monochromators
(300.0300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy
(300.6190) Spectroscopy : Spectrometers
(300.6450) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Raman

Citation
Masayuki Futamata, Takehiko Takenouchi, and Kei-ichi Katakura, "Highly Efficient and Aberration-Corrected Spectrometer for Advanced Raman Spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 41, 4655-4665 (2002)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-41-22-4655


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset

References

  1. J.O’M Bockris and A. K. N. Reddy Modern Electrochemistry (Plenum, New York, 1973).
  2. J. Lipkowski and P. N. Ross, Adsorption of Molecules at Metal Electrodes (VCH, New York, 1992).
  3. M. Futamata, “Surface-plasmon-polariton-enhanced Raman scattering from adsorbates on ‘smooth’ metal surface: the effect of thickness and dielectric properties of constituents,” Langmuir 11, 3894–3902 (1995).
  4. M. Futamata, “Surface-plasmon-polariton-enhanced Raman scattering from self-assembled monolayers of p-nitrothiophenol and p-aminothiophenol on silver,” J. Phys. Chem. 99, 11901–11908 (1995).
  5. Single-photon detection is possible with the adoption of an image intensifier and a CCD detector (for instance, see catalog of IMAX-1024 from Roper Scientific, Tucson, Ariz.). However, because an electrode-solution interface contains stray light from a bulk solution, metal electrode surface, window, or prism, it is quite difficult to discriminate and detect only the Raman signal from monolayer adsorbates. Thus the Raman signal from the interface must be enhanced for this purpose as described above.
  6. H. Raether, Surface Plasmon Polariton (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  7. E. Burstein and F. de Martini, Polaritons (Pergamon, New York, 1974), p. 117.
  8. M. Futamata, “Coadsorbed state of uracil, water and sulfate species on the gold electrode surface,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 317, 304–309 (2000).
  9. M. Futamata, “Adsorbed state of BiPy22+ on Au(111) electrode,” J. Phys. Chem. 105, 6933–6942 (2001).
  10. Y.Maruyama, M.Ishikawa, and M.Futamata, “Single molecule detection of DNA base molecule using surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Chem. Lett.August 2001, pp.834–835.
  11. M. Futamata and A. Bruckbauer, “ATR-scanning near-field-Raman spectroscopy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 4423–4429 (2001).
  12. M. Futamata, “Dielectric filter for highly-sensitive Raman spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 199–204 (1996).
  13. For instance, see technical notes for Spectra-Pro-150 (Acton Research Corporation, 525 Main Street, Acton, Mass. 01720), for HR-460 (Jobin Yvon S.A., 16–18 rue du Canal, 91165 Longjumeau Cedex, France; see also http://www.isainc.com/systems/theory/oos/oos.htm) and for 250IS (Chromex), Abuquerque, N. Mex., 1995).
  14. “Chromex parallel spectroscopy,” user’s guide for Chromex spectrograph (Chromex Albuquerque, N. Mex. 1995), pp. 11–13.
  15. A. Shafer, L. R. Megill, and A. Droppleman, “Optimization of the Czerny-Turner spectrometer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 879–887 (1964).
  16. J. Reader, “Optimizing Czerny-Turner spectrographs: a comparison between analytic theory and ray tracing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 59, 1189–1196 (1969).
  17. H. G. Beutler, “The theory of the concave grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 35, 311–350 (1945).
  18. W. G. Fastie, “High speed plane grating spectrograph and monochromator,” U.S. patent 3,011,391 (5 December 1961).
  19. G. R. Rosendahl, “Contributions of the optics of mirror systems and gratings with oblique incidence. III. Some applications,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 52, 412–415 (1962).
  20. F. A. Jenkins and H. E. White, Fundamentals of Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950), p. 92.
  21. Rather excellent aberration properties were observed even at 550 nm with the 1200 grooves/mm grating; however, the spectral resolution with the slit width of 50 mm grows to approximately 3 cm−1. Moreover, poor aberration was obtained at 400 nm owing to the deviation from the optimum configuration.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited