OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 41, Iss. 24 — Aug. 20, 2002
  • pp: 5115–5121

Polarization Opposition Effect and Second-Order Ray Tracing

Gorden Videen  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 24, pp. 5115-5121 (2002)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (104 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



I develop a second-order ray-tracing model of the light scattered by a cloud of randomly oriented facets having sizes much larger than the incident wavelength. My results suggest that both symmetric and asymmetric branches of the polarization opposition effect can be produced by the same mechanism responsible for the photometric opposition effect, i.e., constructive interference of light rays traversing reciprocal paths that is associated with coherent backscattering enhancement. The model provides a greatly simplified representation of the physical phenomena to isolate the two mechanisms that may be responsible for the effect. The shapes and positions of the two branches of the polarization opposition effect calculated with the model are consistent with observation, so the model may provide a rapid technique to characterize the optical and physical properties of a scattering system. I note, however, that the model is a gross simplification containing only two physical mechanisms, Fresnel reflections and coherent interference, and it is possible that it represents a nonphysical description of particles smaller than the wavelength or that other mechanisms contributing to the polarization opposition effect are not included.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(280.0280) Remote sensing and sensors : Remote sensing and sensors
(290.1350) Scattering : Backscattering
(290.3770) Scattering : Long-wave scattering
(290.4210) Scattering : Multiple scattering
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh

Gorden Videen, "Polarization Opposition Effect and Second-Order Ray Tracing," Appl. Opt. 41, 5115-5121 (2002)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, and M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
  2. K. Muinonen, “Coherent backscattering by solar system dust particles,” in Asteroids, Comets and Meteors, A. Milani, M. Di Martino, and A. Cellino, eds. (Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1974), pp. 271–296.
  3. Yu. Shkuratov, A. Ovcharenko, E. Zubko, V. Kaydash, D. Stankevich, V. Omelchenko, O. Miloslavskaya, K. Muinonen, J. Piironen, S. Kaasalainen, R. Nelson, W. Smythe, V. Rosenbush, and P. Helfenstein, “The opposition effect and negative polarization of structural analogs of planetary regoliths,” Icarus (to be published).
  4. M. I. Mishchenko, “On the nature of the polarization opposition effect exhibited by Saturn’s rings,” Astrophys. J. 411, 351–361 (1993).
  5. V. D. Ozrin, “Exact solution for the coherent backscattering of polarized light from a random medium of Rayleigh scatterers,” Waves Random Media 2, 141–164 (1992).
  6. M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization effects in weak localization of light: calculation of the copolarized and depolarized backscattering enhancement factors,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 12579–12600 (1991).
  7. M. I. Mishchenko, “Enhanced backscattering of polarized light from discrete random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 978–982 (1992).
  8. M. I. Mishchenko, J.-M. Luck, and T. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Full angular profile of the coherent polarization opposition effect,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 888–891 (2000).
  9. I. V. Lindell, A. H. Sihvola, K. O. Muinonen, and P. W. Barber, “Scattering by a small object close to an interface. I. Exact-image theory formulation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 472–476 (1991).
  10. K. O. Muinonen, A. H. Sihvola, I. V. Lindell, and K. A. Lumme, “Scattering by a small object close to an interface. I. Study of backscattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 8, 477–482 (1991).
  11. K. Muinonen, “Coherent backscattering by absorbing and scattering media,” inLight Scattering by Nonspherical Particles, B. Gustafson, L. Kolokolova, and G. Videen, eds. (U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Adelphi, Md., 2002) 223–226.
  12. Yu. Shkuratov, M. Kreslavsky, A. Ovcharenko, D. Stankevich, E. Zubko, C. Pieters, and G. Arnold, “Opposition effect from Clementine data and mechanisms of backscatter,” Icarus 141, 132–155 (1999).
  13. J. E. Geake and M. Geake, “A remote-sensing method for sub-wavelength grains on planetary surfaces by optical polarimetry,” Mon. Notes R. Astron. Soc. 245, 46–55 (1990).
  14. G. Videen and M. Kocifaj, eds., Optics of Cosmic Dust (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2002).
  15. M. Wolff, “Polarization of light reflected from rough planetary surface,” Appl. Opt. 14, 1395–1405 (1975).
  16. Yu. Shkuratov, “New mechanism of the negative polarization of light scattered by atmosphereless cosmic bodies,” Astron. Vestn. 23, 176–180 (1989).
  17. K. Muinonen, “Scattering of light by solar system dust: the coherent backscatter phenomenon,” inthe 1990 Proceedings of the Finnish Astronomical Society, K. Muinonen, M. Kokku, P. Pohjolainen, and P. Hakala, eds. (Observatory and Astrophysics Laboratory, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland, 1990), Vol. 12, pp. 12–15.
  18. Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, and A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering in optics,” in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 24, pp. 67–197.
  19. N. T. Zakharova and M. I. Mishchenko, “Scattering properties of needlelike and platelike ice spheroids with moderate size parameters,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5052–5057 (2000); see, for example, Fig.3 for a/b = 2.
  20. H. Volten, O. Muñoz, E. Rol, J. F. de Haan, W. Vassen, and J. W. Hoovenier, “Scattering matrices of mineral aerosol particles at 441.6 nm and 632.8 nm,” J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D15), 17375–17401 (2001).
  21. O. Muñoz, H. Volten, J. F. de Haan, W. Vassen, and J. W. Hoovenier, “Experimental determination of scattering matrices of randomly oriented fly ash and clay particles at 442 and 633 nm,” J. Geophys. Res. 106 (D19), 22833–22844 (2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited