Organic microcavity light-emitting diodes typically exhibit a blueshift of the emitting wavelength with increasing viewing angle. We have modeled the shift of the resonance wavelength for several metal mirrors. Eight metals (Al, Ag, Cr, Ti, Au, Ni, Pt, and Cu) have been considered as top or bottom mirrors, depending on their work functions. The model fully takes into account the dependence of the phase change that occurs on reflection on angle and wavelength for both <i>s</i> and <i>p</i> polarization, as well as on dispersion in the organic layers. Different contributions to the emission wavelength shift are discussed. The influence of the thickness of the bottom mirror and of the choice and thickness of the organic materials inside the cavity has been investigated. Based on the results obtained, guidelines for a choice of materials to reduce blueshift are given.
© 2002 Optical Society of America
Aleksandra B. Djurišić and Aleksandar D. Rakić, "Organic microcavity light-emitting diodes with metal mirrors: dependence of the emission wavelength on the viewing angle," Appl. Opt. 41, 7650-7656 (2002)