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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 42, Iss. 12 — Apr. 20, 2003
  • pp: 2102–2109

Rapid field screening of soils for heavy metals with spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Amy J. R. Hunter, Richard T. Wainner, Lawrence G. Piper, and Steven J. Davis  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 12, pp. 2102-2109 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.42.002102


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Abstract

Spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SIBS) is a recently developed atomic-fluorescence-based analytical technique that is analogous to laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. SIBS, however, uses an electrical plasma generation method on nonconductive samples instead of a focused laser beam. Here we describe the basic characteristics of SIBS and its application to the field-screening analysis of soil, using a standard addition analytical approach. Detection limits of ∼25 mg/kg have been seen for lead, chromium, barium, mercury, and cadmium. A variety of soils have been tested, some cocontaminated with organic material and uranium (238U).

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(300.2140) Spectroscopy : Emission
(300.6210) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, atomic

History
Original Manuscript: May 31, 2002
Revised Manuscript: August 2, 2002
Published: April 20, 2003

Citation
Amy J. R. Hunter, Richard T. Wainner, Lawrence G. Piper, and Steven J. Davis, "Rapid field screening of soils for heavy metals with spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 42, 2102-2109 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-42-12-2102


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References

  1. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Method 6200, Field Portable X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry for the Determination of Elemental Concentrations in Soil and Sediment, Revision 0 (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., January1998).
  2. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Method 4500, Mercury in Soil by Immunoassay, Revision 0 (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., January1998).
  3. M. E. Fraser, T. Panagiotou, A. J. R. Hunter, E. B. Anderson, S. J. Davis, G. Braybrooke, K. J. Hay, “Fugitive emission measurements above a hard chromium plating tank using spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy (SIBS),” Plating Surface Finishing 87, 80–87 (2000).
  4. A. J. R. Hunter, S. J. Davis, L. G. Piper, K. W. Holtzclaw, M. E. Fraser, “Spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy: a new technique for monitoring heavy metals,” Appl. Spectrosc. 54, 575–582 (2000). [CrossRef]
  5. A. J. R. Hunter, J. R. Morency, C. L. Senior, S. J. Davis, M. E. Fraser, “Continuous emissions monitoring using spark-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc. 50, 111–117 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Vol. 17, Parts 266–299, 40CFR266, pp. 5–119, “Standards for the management of specific hazardous wastes and specific types of hazardous waste management facilities,” revised as of 1July1997. (National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C.1997).
  7. A. S. Eppler, D. A. Cremers, D. D. Hickmott, M. J. Ferris, A. C. Koskelo, “Matrix effects in the detection of Pb and Ba in soils using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 1175–1182 (1996). [CrossRef]

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