OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 17 — Jun. 10, 2003
  • pp: 3428–3434

Amplitude, phase, and hybrid ternary modulation modes of a twisted-nematic liquid-crystal display at ∼400 nm

Judit Reményi, Péter Várhegyi, László Domján, Pál Koppa, and Emõke Lõrincz  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 17, pp. 3428-3434 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (287 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Applicability of a commercial twisted-nematic liquid-crystal display is examined at ∼400 nm. Different modulation modes predicted by Jones-matrix calculus are experimentally tested. High contrast amplitude modulation with negligible loss, high contrast and low loss hybrid ternary modulation, and 1.5π continuous phase delay without intensity modulation and with low loss are presented. Simulation results of a 4f holographic system prove the usefulness of the high contrast for amplitude modulation, and the importance of π phase difference between high transmission white levels in a hybrid ternary modulation.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1960) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction theory
(070.0070) Fourier optics and signal processing : Fourier optics and signal processing
(210.2860) Optical data storage : Holographic and volume memories
(230.3720) Optical devices : Liquid-crystal devices
(230.6120) Optical devices : Spatial light modulators

Original Manuscript: October 10, 2002
Revised Manuscript: January 21, 2003
Published: June 10, 2003

Judit Reményi, Péter Várhegyi, László Domján, Pál Koppa, and Emõke Lõrincz, "Amplitude, phase, and hybrid ternary modulation modes of a twisted-nematic liquid-crystal display at ∼400 nm," Appl. Opt. 42, 3428-3434 (2003)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. J. Coufal, D. Psaltis, G. T. Sincerbox, Holographic Data Storage (Springer, Berlin, 2000). [CrossRef]
  2. G. J. Steckman, A. Pu, D. Psaltis, “Storage density of shift-multiplexed holographic memory,” Appl. Opt. 40, 3387–3394 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. P. Várhegyi, P. Koppa, E. Lőrincz, G. Szarvas, P. Richter, “Optimization of the storage density in thin polarization holograms,” in Holography 2000, 10–14 July 2000, St. Pölten, Austria, Tung H. Jeong, Werner K. Sobotka, eds., Proc. of SPIE4149, (2000).
  4. J.-S. Jang, D.-H. Shin, “Optical representation of binary data based on both intensity and phase modulation with a twisted-nematic liquid-crystal display for holographic digital data storage,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1797–1799 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Soutar, K. Lu, “Determination of the physical properties of an arbitrary twisted-nematic liquid crystal cell,” Opt. Eng. 33, 2704–2712 (1994). [CrossRef]
  6. B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamentals of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Yamauchi, A. Márquez, J. A. Davis, D. J. Franich, “Interferometric phase measurements for polarization eigenvectors in twisted-nematic liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” Opt. Commun. 181, 1–6 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Zhang, G. Lu, F. T. S. Yu, “Simple method for measuring phase modulation in liquid crystal televisions,” Opt. Eng. 33, 3018–3022 (1994). [CrossRef]
  9. J. L. McClain, P. S. Erbach, D. A. Gregory, “Spatial light modulator phase depth determination from optical diffraction information,” Opt. Eng. 35, 951–954 (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. J. Reményi, P. Koppa, L. Domján, E. Lorincz, “Phase modulation configuration of a liquid crystal display,” in ICO XIX: Optics for the Quality of Life, A. Consortini, G. C. Righini, eds.Proc. SPIE4829, 793–794 (2002).
  11. P. D. Gianino, Ch. L. Woods, J. L. Horner, “Analysis of spatial light modulator contrast ratios and optical correlation,” Appl. Opt. 34, 6682–6694 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M.-P. Bernal, G. W. Burr, H. Coufal, M. Quintanilla, “Balancing interpixel cross talk and detector noise to optimize areal density in holographic storage systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 5377–5385 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, “Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2432–2439 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Nicolás, J. Campos, M. J. Yzuel, “Phase and amplitude modulation of elliptic polarization states by nonabsorbing anisotropic elements: application to liquid-crystal devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1013–1020 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. A. Márquez, C. Iemmi, J. Campos, S. Ledesma, J. A. Davis, M. J. Yzuel, “Amplitude apodizers encoded onto Fresnel lenses implemented on a phase-only spatial light modulator,” Appl. Opt. 40, 2316–2322 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited