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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 42, Iss. 2 — Jan. 10, 2003
  • pp: 161–174

Speckle noise in bar-code scanning systems—power spectral density and SNR

Emanuel Marom, Saša Krešić-Jurić, and Leonard Bergstein  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 2, pp. 161-174 (2003)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.42.000161


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Abstract

Laser-based flying-spot scanners are strongly affected by speckle that is intrinsic to coherent illumination of diffusing targets. In such systems information is usually extracted by processing the derivative of a photodetector signal that results from collecting over the detector’s aperture the scattered light of a laser beam scanning a bar code. Because the scattered light exhibits a time-varying speckle pattern, the signal is corrupted by speckle noise. In this paper we investigate the power spectral density and total noise power of such signals. We also analyze the influence of speckle noise on edge detection and derive estimates for a signal-to-noise ratio when a laser beam scans different sequences of edges. The theory is illustrated by applying the results to Gaussian scanning beams for which we derive closed form expressions.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.3110) General : Instruments, apparatus, and components common to the sciences
(030.4280) Coherence and statistical optics : Noise in imaging systems
(030.6140) Coherence and statistical optics : Speckle
(100.5010) Image processing : Pattern recognition

History
Original Manuscript: June 13, 2002
Revised Manuscript: September 11, 2002
Published: January 10, 2003

Citation
Emanuel Marom, Saša Krešić-Jurić, and Leonard Bergstein, "Speckle noise in bar-code scanning systems—power spectral density and SNR," Appl. Opt. 42, 161-174 (2003)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-42-2-161


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References

  1. J. C. Dainty, ed., Laser Speckle and Related Phenomena, 2nd ed. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984).
  2. J. W. Goodman, “Statistical properties of laser speckle patterns,” See Ref. 1 above, pp. 9–75.
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  5. E. Marom, S. Krešić-Jurić, L. Bergstein, “Analysis of speckle patterns in bar-code scanning systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 888–901 (2001). [CrossRef]
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  11. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1985).

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