The sensing characteristics of a Bragg grating imprinted in a specially developed highly birefringent side-hole fiber were investigated in detail. We showed that such a grating has almost identical sensitivities to temperature for both linearly polarized modes LP01 x and LP01 y (approximately 5.9 pm/K) and significantly different sensitivities to hydrostatic pressure (-1.93 pm/MPa for LP01 x and +5.37 pm/MPa for LP01 y mode). The sensitivity differences versus mode polarization are so high that this effect can be employed for simultaneous sensing of temperature and pressure by interrogation of the wavelength shifts at LP01 x and LP01 y modes. Applying interferometric methods, we also measured the sensitivity of the host side-hole fiber to temperature and hydrostatic pressure for each polarization mode. Our results show that there is good agreement between the normalized sensitivities of the host side-hole fiber and those of the grating for the same polarization modes.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
Original Manuscript: May 20, 2003
Revised Manuscript: August 4, 2003
Published: November 1, 2003
Ewa Chmielewska, Waclaw Urbańczyk, and Wojtek J. Bock, "Measurement of pressure and temperature sensitivities of a Bragg grating imprinted in a highly birefringent side-hole fiber," Appl. Opt. 42, 6284-6291 (2003)