OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics


  • Vol. 42, Iss. 7 — Mar. 1, 2003
  • pp: 1182–1190

Measurement method for profiling the residual stress of an optical fiber: detailed analysis of off-focusing and beam-deflection effects

Yongwoo Park, Sangsoo Choi, Un-Chul Paek, Kyunghwan Oh, and Dug Young Kim  »View Author Affiliations

Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 7, pp. 1182-1190 (2003)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (785 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The effects of off-focusing and beam deflection on polarimetric stress measurements of optical fibers are investigated. A simple method for reducing the distortion of the phase retardation caused by unwanted beam deflections in residual stress measurement is introduced. The method is examined numerically by ray-tracing techniques and experimentally by use of hollow silica fibers into which various index-matching liquids have been inserted. An autofocusing technique is introduced. The error in stress measurement reproducibility was determined to be less than 4%. We tested the absolute error in measured stress by applying incremental external tension and determined that it is less than 0.464 MPa.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(120.4290) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Nondestructive testing
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry

Original Manuscript: June 19, 2002
Published: March 1, 2003

Yongwoo Park, Sangsoo Choi, Un-Chul Paek, Kyunghwan Oh, and Dug Young Kim, "Measurement method for profiling the residual stress of an optical fiber: detailed analysis of off-focusing and beam-deflection effects," Appl. Opt. 42, 1182-1190 (2003)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. L. Chu, T. Whitbread, “Stress transformation due to fusion splicing in optical fiber,” Electron. Lett. 20, 599–600 (1984). [CrossRef]
  2. T. Volotinen, M. Zimnol, M. Tomozawa, Y.-K. Lee, K. Raine, “Effect of mechanical striping and arc-fusion on the strength and aging of a spliced recoated optical fiber,” in Reliability of Photonics Materials and Structures, E. Suhir, M. Fukuda, C. R. Kurkjian, eds., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc.531, 163–168 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. B. H. Kim, Y. Park, D. Y. Kim, U. C. Paek, W.-T. Han, “Effect of OH impurity on residual stress development in optical fiber,” in Optical Fabrication and Testing, Vol. 76 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), pp. 173–174, paper WA3.
  4. B. H. Kim, Y. Park, T.-J. Ahn, D. Y. Kim, B. H. Lee, Y. Chung, U. C. Paek, W.-T. Han, “Residual stress relaxation in core of optical fibers by CO2 laser irradiation,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1657–1659 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Park, T.-J. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, W.-T. Han, U. C. Paek, D. Y. Kim, “Measurement method for profiling the residual stress and the strain-optic coefficient of an optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 41, 21–26 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. W. Raine, R. Feced, S. E. Kanellopoulos, V. A. Handerek, “Measurement of axial stress at high spatial resolution in ultraviolet-exposed fibers,” Appl. Opt. 38, 1086–1095 (1999). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Y. Fonjallaz, H. G. Limberger, R. P. Salathé, “Tension increase correlated to refractive-index change in fibers containging UV-written Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1346–1348 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Douay, W. X. Xie, T. Taunay, P. Bernage, P. Niay, P. Cordier, B. Poumellec, L. Dong, J. F. Bayon, H. Poignant, E. Delevaque, “Densification involved in the UV-based photosensitivity of silica glasses and optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1329–1342 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Park, U. C. Paek, D. Y. Kim, “Complete determination of the stress tensor of a polarization-maintaining fiber by photoelastic tomography,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1217–1219 (2002). [CrossRef]
  10. T. Abe, Y. Mitsunaga, H. Koga, “Photoelastic computer tomography: a novel measurement method for axial residual stress profile in optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 133–138 (1986). [CrossRef]
  11. P. L. Chu, T. Whitbread, “Measurement of stresses in optical fibers and preforms,” Appl. Opt. 21, 4241–4245 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. Marcuse, ed., Principles of Optical Fiber Measurements (Academic, London, 1981).
  13. R. Ditteon, ed., Modern Geometrical Optics (Wiley, New York, 1998).
  14. S. P. Timoshenko, J. N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1970), pp. 65–68.
  15. S. Rabinovich, ed., Measurement Errors: Theory and Practice (AIP Press, New York, 1995).
  16. P. K. Bachmann, W. Hermann, H. Wehr, D. U. Wiechert, “Stress in optical waveguides. 1: Preforms,” Appl. Opt. 25, 1093–1098 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. K. Bachmann, W. Hermann, H. Wehr, D. U. Wiechert, “Stress in optical waveguides. 2 Fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 1175–1182 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Th. Rose, D. Spriegel, J.-R. Kropp, “Fast photoelastic stress determination application to monomode fibers and splices,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 4, 431–434 (1993). [CrossRef]
  19. M. Goldstein, T. H. Davies, “Glass fibers with oriented chain molecules,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 38, 223–226 (1955). [CrossRef]
  20. J. F. Stirling, “Frozen strains in glass fibers,” J. Soc. Glass Technol. 39, 134T–144T (1955).
  21. U. C. Paek, C. R. Kurkjian, “Calculation of cooling rate and induced stresses in drawing of optical fibers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58, 330–334 (1975). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited