High-performance fluidic lenses with an adjustable focal length spanning a very wide range (30 mm to infinite) are demonstrated. We show that the focal length, <i>F</i>-number, and numerical aperture can be dynamically controlled by changing the shape of the fluidic adaptive lens without moving the lens position mechanically. The shortest focal length demonstrated is less than 30 mm for a 20-mm lens aperture. The fluidic adaptive lens has a nearly perfect spherical profile and shows a resolution better than 40 line pairs/mm in a plano-convex structure and 57 line pairs/mm in a biconvex structure.
© 2004 Optical Society of America
De-Ying Zhang, Nicole Justis, Victor Lien, Yevgeny Berdichevsky, and Yu-Hwa Lo, "High-performance Fluidic Adaptive Lenses," Appl. Opt. 43, 783-787 (2004)