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Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 44, Iss. 14 — May. 10, 2005
  • pp: 2832–2838

Three-dimensional analysis of mode discrimination in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers

Martin Achtenhagen, Amos Hardy, and Eli Kapon  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 14, pp. 2832-2838 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.002832


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Abstract

Optical mode discrimination in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers that contain distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) and a spatially limited gain medium is analyzed numerically. It is assumed that the output field is linearly polarized owing to gain selectivity. The analysis employs a three-dimensional model and an angular spectrum of plane-wave decomposition with the proper polarizations. Two types of round aperture are considered, namely, a Gaussian aperture and a ring-peak aperture that represents gain saturation. Coupled with the DBRs, the former aperture yields nearly Laguerre-Gaussian modes, whereas the latter aperture significantly distorts the mode shapes. In both cases, narrowband DBRs provide the best mode discrimination.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics

Citation
Martin Achtenhagen, Amos Hardy, and Eli Kapon, "Three-dimensional analysis of mode discrimination in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Appl. Opt. 44, 2832-2838 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-14-2832


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