Polarization characteristics of signals of a monostatic lidar intended for sensing of homogeneous ice crystal clouds are calculated by the Monte Carlo method. Clouds are modeled as monodisperse ensembles of randomly oriented hexagonal ice crystals. The polarization state of multiply scattered lidar signal components is analyzed for different scattering orders depending on the crystal shapes and sizes as well as on the optical and geometrical conditions of observation. Light-scattering phase matrices (SPMs), calculated by the beam splitting method (BSM), are used as input data for solving the vector radiative transfer equation. The principles of the BSM method are briefly described, and the SPM components are given for hexagonal ice plates and columns of different sizes and linearly polarized incident radiation with the wavelength lambda = 0.55 µm.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
Georgii M. Krekov, Margarita M. Krekova, Dmitrii N. Romashov, and Vitalii S. Shamanaev, "Polarization structure of lidar signals reflected from ice crystal clouds," Appl. Opt. 44, 4148-4156 (2005)