An imaging ellipsometer technique on internal reflection geometry that can measure the thickness distribution of a thin film possessing an assumed refractive index is described. Because a prism is used for the internal reflection geometry, it was theoretically predicted that angular derivation from the normal incidence on the prism surface affects only the Psi value by a factor of 0.97 at maximum. Measurements were carried out for an optical system of silica substrate-TiO2 layer-silica layer-protein film-air, with a thin-film array of dried protein as the sample film. Thickness of the protein films was two-dimensionally estimated only from the measured map of the Delta value by use of the simulated relationship between the thickness and the Delta value. The thickness map obtained was coincident on the whole with the results according to a mechanical scanning. The detection limit was approximately ±0.2 nm. These findings validate the optical effect of a high-index additional layer to improve the sensitivity and precision of thickness measurements of the sample film on transparent substrates.
© 2005 Optical Society of America
(110.2970) Imaging systems : Image detection systems
(120.2130) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Ellipsometry and polarimetry
(170.3880) Medical optics and biotechnology : Medical and biological imaging
Soichi Otsuki, Kaoru Tamada, and Shin-ichi Wakida, "Two-dimensional thickness measurements based on internal reflection ellipsometry," Appl. Opt. 44, 1410-1415 (2005)