OSA's Digital Library

Applied Optics

Applied Optics

APPLICATIONS-CENTERED RESEARCH IN OPTICS

  • Vol. 44, Iss. 8 — Mar. 10, 2005
  • pp: 1454–1463

Theoretical and experimental studies of hologram multiplexing that uses a random wave front generated by photorefractive beam fanning

Masatoshi Bunsen and Atsushi Okamoto  »View Author Affiliations


Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 8, pp. 1454-1463 (2005)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.44.001454


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1036 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A hologram multiplexing technique that uses random wave fronts generated by photorefractive beam fanning is investigated. A storage photorefractive crystal generates various random wave fronts to be used as reference beams without the external diffusers such as ground glass and multimode optical fiber that are generally employed. We experimentally demonstrate hologram multiplexing with six images and show that the stored holograms can be selectively retrieved. We also simulate photorefractive beam fanning inside a BaTiO3 crystal, in particular regarding the correlation properties of the fanning beams for the first time to our knowledge, and reveal the conditions of incidence of an object beam and a reference beam required for suppressing image degradation, implementing low-cross-talk retrieval, and producing a large number of stored holograms.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(090.7330) Holography : Volume gratings
(190.5330) Nonlinear optics : Photorefractive optics
(210.2860) Optical data storage : Holographic and volume memories

History
Original Manuscript: April 30, 2004
Revised Manuscript: September 30, 2004
Manuscript Accepted: November 17, 2004
Published: March 10, 2005

Citation
Masatoshi Bunsen and Atsushi Okamoto, "Theoretical and experimental studies of hologram multiplexing that uses a random wave front generated by photorefractive beam fanning," Appl. Opt. 44, 1454-1463 (2005)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-44-8-1454


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Psaltis, G. W. Burr, “Holographic data storage,” Computer 31, 52–60 (1998). [CrossRef]
  2. G. Barbastathis, M. Levene, D. Psaltis, “Shift multiplexing with spherical reference waves,” Appl. Opt. 35, 2403–2417 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. F. Heanue, M. C. Bashaw, L. Hesselink, “Volume holographic storage and retrieval of digital data,” Science 265, 749–752 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, T. Tschudi, “Volume hologram multiplexing using a deterministic phase coding method,” Opt. Commun. 85, 171–176 (1991). [CrossRef]
  5. H. Li, D. Psaltis, “Three-dimensional holographic disks,” Appl. Opt. 33, 3764–3774 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Tao, D. R. Selviah, J. E. Midwinter, “Spatioangular multiplexed storage of 750 holograms in an Fe:LiNbO3crystal,” Opt. Lett. 18, 912–914 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. F. H. Mok, “Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 915–917 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. A. Rakuljic, V. Levya, A. Yariv, “Optical data storage by using orthogonal wavelength-multiplexed volume holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1471–1473 (1992). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. H. Kang, H. S. Lee, B. Lee, “Enhancement of the wavelength selectivity of a volume hologram by use of multimode optical fiber referencing,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1224–1225 (1998). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. H. Kang, K. H. Kim, B. Lee, “Angular and speckle multiplexing of photorefractive holograms by use of fiber speckle patterns,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6969–6971 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. V. Markov, J. Millerd, J. Trolinge, M. Norrie, “Multilayer volume holographic optical memory,” Opt. Lett. 24, 265–267 (1999). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Bunsen, A. Okamoto, Y. Takayama, “Hologram multiplexing with photorefractive beam-fanning speckle,” Opt. Commun. 235, 41–47 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, New York, 1993).
  14. F. Yu, S. Yin, Photorefractive Optics: Materials, Properties and Applications (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2000).
  15. M. Segev, Y. Ophir, B. Fischer, “Nonlinear multi two-wave mixing, the fanning process and its breaching in photorefractive media,” Opt. Commun. 77, 265–274 (1990). [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. Ford, Y. Fainman, S. H. Lee, “Time-integrating interferometry using photorefractive fanout,” Opt. Lett. 13, 856–858 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. T. Yoshida, A. Okamoto, Y. Takayama, K. Sato, “Operable conditions of the beam-fanning novelty filter for the c axis and the incident angle,” Appl. Opt. 39, 5940–5948 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. Q. B. He, P. Yeh, “Fanning noise reduction in photorefractive amplifiers using incoherent erasures,” Appl. Opt. 33, 283–289 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Nakada, A. Okamoto, K. Sato, “Reconfigurable free-space all-optical interconnection with beam-fanning switch in photorefractive crystal,” Opt. Commun. 208, 69–77 (2002). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Yariv, S. Orlov, G. Rakuljic, V. Leyva, “Holographic fixing, readout, and storage dynamics in photorefractive materials,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1334–1336 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Adibi, K. Buse, D. Psaltis, “Two-center holographic recording,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 584–601 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. S. Boj, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, “Dynamic holographic memory showing readout, refreshing, and updating capabilities,” Opt. Lett. 17, 438–440 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 2nd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996).
  24. M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Theory and applications of four-wave mixing in photorefractive media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 12–31 (1984). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Xie, Y. Hong, J. Dai, Y. Zhu, “Theoretical and experimental studies of fanning effects in photorefractive crystal,” J. Appl. Phys. 74, 813–818 (1993). [CrossRef]
  26. P. Xie, P. Wang, J. Dai, H. Zhang, “Effect of random volume scattering on image amplification and beam fanning in photorefractive materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1889–1894 (1998). [CrossRef]
  27. E. L. Kral, J. F. Walkup, M. O. Hagler, “Correlation properties of random phase diffusers for multiplex holography,” Appl. Opt. 21, 1281–1290 (1982). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. M. C. Bashaw, J. F. Heanue, A. Aharoni, J. F. Walkup, L. Hesselink, “Cross-talk considerations for angular and phase-encoded multiplexing in volume holography,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1820–1836 (1994). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited